Malte Fabian Rauch (éd.), Reiner Schürmann, ...: Reading Marx

Reiner Schürmann, Malte Fabian Rauch (éd.), Nicolas Schneider (éd.)

Reading Marx
On Transcendental Materialism

broché, 176 pages

Date de parution : 01.10.2020

In this lecture course, Reiner Schürmann reads Marx’s work as a transcendental materialism. Arguing that what is most original in Marx is neither his political or sociological nor his economic thinking, but his philosophical axis, Schürmann shows that Marx conceives being as polyvalent praxis. With patient rigor, Schürmann delineates this notion of praxis from the interpretations proposed by Louis Althusser and the Frankfurt School, as he traces Marx’s move beyond the dualism that has governed ontology since Descartes. Stepping out of this dualism, however, Marx does not espouse a monism either—be it an
immobile one as Parmenides’, or a dynamic one as Hegel’s. On the problem of universals, Marx’s transcendental materialism is nominalistic: being as action is irreducibly manifold.

 

Extending his highly original engagement with the history of philosophy, Schürmann in the course of these lectures draws out the philosophical axis in Marx’s work, which determines and localizes his theories of history, of social relations and of economy. On this view, Marx’s unique place in philosophy stems from the fact that the grounding of phenomena is seen by him not as a relation that produces cognition, as in Kant; nor as a relation of material sensitivity, as in Feuerbach; but the grounding occurs in labor, in praxis, in the satisfaction of needs. Whereas the Marxist readings of Marx conceive history, classes and social relations as primary realities, Schürmann brings out a radically immanent understanding of praxis in Marx that introduces multiplicity into being.

 

Following Schürmann’s own suggestion, this edition is complemented by a reprinting of his Anti-Humanism essay, in which he reads Marx alongside Nietzsche and Heidegger as spelling out the dissociation of being and action. This rupture puts an end to the epochal economy of presence and returns principles to their own precariousness. As a whole, this volume brings out one of the less appreciated facets of Schürmann’s work and offers an interpretation of Marx that resonates with the readings of Jacques Derrida, Michel Henry, Antonio Negri and François Laruelle.

  • Karl Marx

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Reiner Schürmann

Reiner Schürmann

est né à Amsterdam et a grandi à Krefeld. Il entame en 1960 des études de philosophie à Munich, interrompues par un séjour dans un kibboutz en Israël. En 1961, il entre comme novice dans un monastère dominicain en France, puis étudie de 1962 à 1969 la théologie à Saulchoir, dans l'Essonne, près de Paris ; effectuant par ailleurs un séjour à Fribourg où il suit des cours dispensés par Heidegger. En 1970, il est ordonné prêtre dominicain ; ordre qu'il perd en 1975. À partir du début des années 1970, il vit aux États-Unis, où il est nommé professeur par Hannah Arendt et Hans Jonas à la New School for Social Research de New York. Il meurt en 1993 du sida. Il a rédigé toute son importante oeuvre philosophique en langue française.

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